Besides only improving health insurance for the rural and insured, the new health insurance system also improves health insurance standards for those in the lower-middle income bracket, who now receive subsidies. By the new health insurance laws, citizens in the middle class can now receive health subsidies of around 20 yuan, which is a contrast from the past, when neither the central nor the local governments provided any subsidies for health insurance. An examination of the health insurance policies saw a need for more sources funding since funding from the Chinese government alone was not enough.  A new health financing policy that matches funds on a local and central government level may prove to be an improved success. 
This thesis argues that current approaches by international mechanisms to judge such austerity measures are insufficient and irrelevant. It puts forward its own interpretation of how the relevant human rights treaties should be interpreted in order to properly evaluate the necessity and legitimacy of austerity measures that can jeopardise people's right to social security. This is based on the reality that, to a large degree, resources available depend on a government’s policies and choices, and that states must argue the necessity of such measures with clear and concluding evidence. They must show that they had no choice, and that any other measure would have worsened general welfare. Lastly, the thesis uses the analysis developed to suggest that the UK’s austerity measures that have undermined and violated the right to social security are not justified by its national debt.